China’s soil pollution problem is not less severe than its air pollution challenge. Today, roughly 20% of China’s soil is already polluted. The consequences of soil pollution on the environment and human health are all-encompassing and they negatively impact food security as well as water quality. In accordance with this new major challenge, the Chinese leadership has already released a draft for new standards on land pollution control and a soil pollution prevention action plan is due to be issued in September of this year.