China’s fast economic and population growth and its accelerated urbanization process result in a rapid increase of the quantity of solid waste generated. The World Bank projects that by 2030 China’s urban population will reach 900 million with an average daily waste production of 1.2 kg per person. This estimate is conservative however, since the daily waste production in Chinese municipalities already approaches 1 kg per person, while the numbers are much higher in Europe (close to 2kg on average) and the US (more than 2.4 kg per person). Hence, managing solid waste pollution is a crucial aspect of environmental protection in China.