“Annual Report on China’s Policies and Actions to Address Climate Change 2022” Released
On October 27, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment released the Annual Report on China’s Policies and Actions to Address Climate Change 2022 (hereinafter referred to as the 2022 Annual Report).
The 2022 Annual Report covers five areas: China’s new deployment to address climate change, active mitigation of climate change, proactive adaptation to climate change, improvement of policy system and support and guarantee, and active participation in global governance to address climate change. At the same time, it comprehensively summarises China’s new deployment and policy actions to address climate change in various fields since 2021, demonstrating the new progress and effectiveness of China’s efforts to address climate change, as well as its contribution to promoting global governance in addressing climate change. The 2022 Annual Report also sets out China’s basic position and propositions on the 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The report mentions that in 2021, carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) reduced by 3.8 per cent compared to 2020. By the end of 2021, China had implemented a total of nearly 900 million kilowatts of energy-saving and carbon-reducing improvements, implemented more than 100 million kilowatts of flexibility improvements, and achieved ultra-low emission improvements for 1.03 billion kilowatts of coal power units, accounting for 93% of the total installed capacity of coal power, building the world’s largest clean coal power system.
By the end of 2021, China had issued RMB 85.5 billion in refinancing funds through carbon emission reduction support tools, and supported financial institutions to issue RMB 142.5 billion in loans that meet the requirements for carbon emission reduction, leading to an annual carbon emission reduction of 28.76 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent; the balance of green loans from financial institutions was RMB 15.9 trillion, an increase of 33% year-on-year.
By the end of 2021, the online monitoring system for energy consumption of key energy-using units had access to more than 12,500 enterprises in 31 provinces.
By the end of 2021, China had completed the construction of a five-tier system of disaster information officers at provincial-city-county-township-village levels, with a total of nearly 1 million people.
By July 2022, China had arranged a total of over RMB 1.2 billion for South-South cooperation on climate change and signed 43 climate change cooperation documents with 38 developing countries.