Progress Report on the Implementation of China’s National Determined Contribution Target (2022)
On November 11, China’s national focal point for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (hereinafter referred to as “UNFCCC”) formally submitted the Progress Report on China’s Implementation of the National Determined Contribution Target (2022) (hereinafter referred to as “Progress Report”) to the UNFCCC Secretariat. The Progress Report reflects China’s progress in implementing the National Determined Contribution Target (NAC) since China proposed the new NAC in 2020, reflecting China’s determination and efforts to promote green and low-carbon development and actively address global climate change. It summarizes the new deployments and initiatives since China updated its National Determined Contribution Target, focusing on the top-level design of addressing climate change and the new progress made in controlling greenhouse gas emissions in key areas such as industry, urban and rural construction, transportation, agriculture, and national actions, and summarizes the effectiveness of green and low-carbon transformation of energy, consolidation and enhancement of carbon sinks in ecosystems, carbon market construction, and adaptation to climate change.
China’s new deployment and initiatives to implement the national determined contribution target:
• In 2015, China set a target for determined action by 2030. By the end of 2019, China has exceeded the 2020 climate action target ahead of schedule.
• In 2020, China announced an updated and National Determined Contribution Target (NAC):
Carbon dioxide emissions will peak by 2030 in an effort to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060; by 2030, China’s carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) will drop by more than 65% compared to 2005; the share of non-fossil energy in primary energy consumption will reach about 25%; forest stock will increase by 6 billion cubic metres compared to 2005; the total installed capacity of wind and solar power will reach over 1.2 billion kilowatts.
New results in controlling greenhouse gas emissions in key areas:
• In 2021, China’s carbon emissions intensity was 3.8% lower than in 2020, and 50.8% lower than in 2005.
Green and low-carbon energy transition acceleration:
• In 2021, the proportion of non-fossil energy in energy consumption reached 16.6%, the total installed capacity of wind and solar power reached 635 million kilowatts, and coal consumption per unit of GDP has significantly reduced.
Consolidate and improve the carbon sink of the ecosystem:
• By the end of 2021, the national forest coverage rate reached 24.02% and the forest accumulation reached 19.493 billion cubic meters. In 2022, China has proposed the action target of “striving to plant, protect and restore 70 billion trees within 10 years”.
National carbon market starts operation:
• In 2021, the national unified carbon market was officially launched for trading. 114 trading days, with a cumulative turnover of 179 million tons and a cumulative turnover of 7.661 billion yuan.
The capacity of climate change adaptation is continuously improved
A special national climate change adaptation strategy has been issued, the level of climate change monitoring and early warning has been improved, the capacity of key areas to adapt to climate change has been effectively enhanced, urban adaptation to climate change has been solidly promoted, awareness of climate change adaptation has been gradually enhanced, and international cooperation on climate change adaptation has been increasingly deepened.